5 Health Benefits Before Marriage That Must Be Done
5 Health Benefits Before Marriage That Must Be Done – Premarital check-ups are carried out to find out the medical history of the two prospective brides so that if one or both of them have genes for congenital diseases, for example thalassemia. Another benefit of this test is for early detection and treatment to prevent the virus from spreading to other organs of the body.
The prenuptial screening programs offered at clinics and hospitals are different so you can choose according to your needs and budget. The article below will help you find out about the important tests in your premarital screening test program. Anything?
1. HIV test
AIDS transmission occurs through sexual contact with someone who is infected with HIV, blood transfusions that have been contaminated by the virus, and from an HIV positive mother to a fetus in her womb. HIV / AIDS testing before marriage is recommended to prevent transmission to partners and babies or children, especially after marriage.
A report entitled Premarital Screening Programs in the Middle East, from a Human Right’s Perspective explains that the majority of AIDS positive patients do not know that they have contracted the virus. Early detection and treatment using antiretroviral therapy can reduce the risk of HIV transmission between partners and transmission to infants in the womb.
2. HBsAg test (hepatitis B surface antigen)
HBsAg (hepatitis B surface antigen) is a test to detect whether there is hepatitis B infection in the blood. A person who is positive for hepatitis B must get treatment immediately. Antiviral drugs are a type of medicine used to treat people with hepatitis B.
The Journal of Medical Screening explains the main reason for screening tests for hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV is to prevent the fetus from infection caused by transmission during sexual intercourse and during the prenatal period.
3.Hepatitis C antibody test (anti-HCV antibody)
of people who are positive for hepatitis C virus do not show symptoms. Hepatitis C virus if not handled properly can lead to liver cancer. Although most people do not show symptoms, it is necessary to know the early symptoms of being infected with the hepatitis C virus, including:
Yellow skin including the white eyeball is also yellow
Stomach pain and vomiting
Dark urine and gray stools
Often feel tired
Hepatitis C virus transmission occurs through the use of unsterile medical equipment, the use of narcotics using syringes, unsterile blood transfusions, sexual relations with men, especially men, and sexual relations with HIV positive people.
To find out if a person is infected with the hepatitis C virus, it is necessary to do an anti-HCV antibody test. According to the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, adult women who have a history of sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV and syphilis, have had tattoos, and hemodialysis in unhygienic settings, need to have an anti-HCV antibody screening test early in pregnancy.
4. Complete blood count test to detect thalassemia
A complete blood count test or complete blood count is a test to measure the amount of hemoglobin (Hb) and other types of red blood cells. This test is done to detect Thalassemia disease.
Thalassemia is a blood disorder that causes the body to have a low amount or level of Hb. As a result, these people often feel tired, have anemia, the growth process is stunted and experience other health complications. Thalassemia is a hereditary disease and this is one of the reasons premarital screening is important at the start.
Thalassemia is caused by mutations in the DNA cells that make Hb. To make Hb, alpha chain and beta chain are needed. Gene mutations result in reduced alpha and beta chain production. The more mutated genes, the more acute the Thalassemia disease. Acute thalassemia results in the patient having to carry out blood transfusions throughout his life and if it occurs in infants, it can result in death.
If both partners or prospective parents have genes carrying thalassemia, consultation with a genetic specialist is highly recommended, especially if both partners desire to have children.
5. Hb analysis to detect sickle cell anemia
A blood test that analyzes hemoglobin (Hb) is done to detect sickle cell anemia.
Sickle cell anemia is a blood disease that is hereditary in which blood cannot flow throughout the body due to its crescent shape so that it sticks together and then covers the blood vessels. As a result, the person feels pain and experiences damage to body tissues. Diagnosis is generally made when the baby is 4 to 6 months old.
- The hands and feet are often swollen
- The color of the skin and the white part of the eye becomes
- Frequent infections
- Frequent bed-wetting
- Babies are often fussy
- Pain in the back, arms, legs and chest
- Often feel tired as a result of anemia
If one or both of the prospective parents have SCT (Sickle Cell Trait) which is a carrier gene, then the chances of having a child with Sickle Cell Anemia are high. People who have SCT are asymptomatic and this is why an Hb blood test is important. Consultation with a genetic specialist is recommended if both partners wish to have children.
Although this test is not mandatory, it would be nice if it is done early in order to prevent the transmission of diseases such as AIDS and hepatitis B and C. Then for blood disorders such as thalassemia and sickle cell anemia, couples can consult a genetic specialist about pregnancy programs.